Person of Jozef Murgaš

Portrét Jozefa Murgaša

  • inventor - a pioneer of telegraphy, 13 patents
  • Roman Catholic priest
  • artist, a gifted painter
  • naturalist
  • politician, signatory of Pittsburgh
  • supporter of the Slovak community in Pennsylvania, USA

biographical information

  • Born on 17 February 1864 in Tajov
  • study at school in Banska Bystrica, theological studies in Bratislava, Banska Bystrica and Esztergom study painting in Munich and Budapest
  • chaplain in Dubova, since 1896 the Slovaks in Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, USA
  • died 13th May 1929 in Wilkes Barre
Patents Jozefa Murgaša (registered in USA between 1904 – 1912)
patent Number Patent title
759 825 "Apparatus for wireless telegraphy"
759 826 "Method of transmitting messages by wireless telegraphy"
848 675 "Wavemeter"
848 676 "Electrical Transformer"
860 051 "Underground wireless telegraphy"
876 383 "Equipment for the production of electromagnetic waves"
915 993 "Wireless telegraphy"
917 103 "Production intrinsic frequency of the power source without interrupters"
917 104 "Magnetic pulse detector"
930 780 "Magnetic Detector"
1 001 975 "Apparatus for producing electrical oscillations"
1 196 969 "Method and device for producing electric oscillations of the AC"
9 726 "Improved invention 1 196 969 reg. U.S." (granted in England in 1907)
1 034 739 "Winch for fishing rod"
  co-autor of two inventions of the arc lamps

A brief biography

Joseph Murgaš was born on 17 February 1864 in Tajov in Banska Bystrica. From early childhood excelled discernment and receptivity, while studying at high school in Banska Bystrica, showed his talent in art and science. After graduating from high school he decided to priestly career and entered the seminary in Bratislava, later went on to Esztergom and Banska Bystrica. After ordination, he served as chaplain in Dubova, but soon the recommendation of the painter Dominic Skuteckého enters the provincial School of Visual Arts in Budapest and then the painting academy in Munich, which ended with honors.

After allegations of Pan-Slavism in 1896 went to America and settled among compatriots in the small mining village of Wilkes Barre, Pennsylvania, where he worked for more than thirty years. You are fully dedicated to the development of the local Slovak community and among believers was popular for his emotional attachment to them and their all-round commitment. His initiative and organizational skills used in the new building of the church, school and in the newspapers, that fills popular science articles and poetry. Here he devoted himself and his pioneering work in the field of telegraphy, which means to set up a laboratory gained painting.

Pracovňa Jozefa Murgaša Murgaš's collaborator in laboratory work in Wilkes Barre

In his research focused mainly on the results of Marconi's experiments, which appeared serious shortcomings. Marconi's system, based on Morse code consisting of dots and dashes, considered too slow, since the broadcasting comma was needed quite a long time. Murgaš therefore proposed its own system and construction of receivers and transmitters where the signals are no longer differed in length, but the frequency. That was Murgasa Ton-System, which used to broadcast two frequencies, which replaced the higher tone dot and comma below.

In 1904 he was granted a patent to Joseph Murgasa and later enrolled at another eleven patenting systems and improvements in telegraphy, suggesting that his approach was the result of a consistent and purposeful work: in 1904 patented a method of transmitting messages by wireless telegraphy, in 1905, the facility production of electromagnetic waves, the principle of wireless telegraphy, a year later wavemeter, design antennas for wireless telegraphy and electric transformer, in 1908, the detector of magnetic waves and finally in 1910 to manufacture electrical appliance oscillations.

Anténový stožiar Murgašovej vysielačky vo Wilkes BarreBased on these successes was in 1905 in the Philadelphia-based company Universal Aether Telegraph Co.., Which undertook the practical inventions and commercially utilized. With her help Murgaš stood the test receiver and transmitter antenna with šesťdesiatmetrovými antenna masts. During a successful test Murgaš messages exchanged between Wilkes Barre and Scranton for a distance of about 30 km, even broadcast message has been successfully adopted in Brooklyn two hundred kilometers distant receiving apparatus Murgašova system.

At the time the invention meant unique in the world, but the dispute over its leadership was not easy because of the attempted number of prominent world experts. As Marconi and other researchers have failed at that time to carry out a satisfactory wireless transmission of information over the earth's surface. Later Murgasa Ton-System studied and perfected Marconi and Fessenden and called it Sonorous-System.
 

Reprodukcia Murgašovho patentuDuring the First World War to work for the creation of a common state of Czechs and Slovaks in Czechoslovakia. Through his contacts he gained the highest critical point in the United States and paved the way for a crucial meeting in support of Czechoslovakia, which was built upon the agreement of 30 May 1918, in Pittsburgh. Murgaš Joseph was one of the signatories also organized a collection to yield $ 1,000,000 in American Slovaks in Czechoslovakia basic Cash exchange fund.

In 1920 Murgaš decided to return to the newly created Czechoslovakia, which welcomed with enthusiasm and hope. However, when on his service as a professor of electrical engineering was not interested, he returned among his grateful countrymen in Wilkes Barre, where the 13th died in May 1929.
Memorial of Jozef Murgaš

Memory of the inventor, priest, artist and politician Joseph Murgaša be commemorated room in his home village of mysteries, where the originals are kept many of his paintings, inventions, models, documents and papers as well as some specimens of his unique collection of butterflies. There is also the monument.

In the 130th anniversary of the birth of this important personalities of Slovak history published by the then Ministry of Transport, Communications and Public Works in 1994, a commemorative stamp of Joseph Murgaša run of 400,000 units.

In Memory of Joseph Murgaša Slovak Electrotechnical Society and the Ministry of Transport, Posts and Telecommunications to support the development of telecommunications in Slovakia and creative young scientists and engineers annually awarded prize Murgaša Joseph for publishing original theoretical contribution to promoting the development of telecommunications in Slovakia and the use of original theoretical or foreign contribution to the development of telecommunications and telecommunications industry in Slovakia.


Created: Ing. Róbert Trška Ing. Michal Halás, translated by Google Translator
Information was drawn partly from the website of the Association of ATM / Forum Communications Technologies.